When your child is young, there are many unexpected emergencies which may come up. It is thus advisable for you as parents to learn the basic first aid procedures rather than wait helplessly for doctors to arrive. Experts say that what happens in the first few moments of an accident go a long way in making the difference in a person’s life.
Today, let us look at some of the basic first aid safety measures which can be done at home in the case of an emergency.
Give upto 5 hard slaps.
If you have a young child or toddler choked with food or a foreign object, then immediately make them bend forward and give 5 sharp slaps on their back in between their shoulder blades. If your child is big enough, encourage them to cough hard.
Give upto 5 chest thrusts.
If the child is still feeling uneasy then give upto five chest thrusts and check their mouth. For chest thrusts, stand behind the child and make a fist and place it against the lower half of his breastbone. Grasp your fist and pull sharply inwards and upwards upto five times.
Basically you are holding your child under his shoulders near his breast bone and trying to give the inward and upward push. In the whole process if choking still persists, try reaching the doctor as soon as possible, before the child loses consciousness.
Apply Pressure on the wound.
Remove or cut clothing’s over the wound. Place a sterile dressing over the wound. Apply firm pressure with your fingers or the palm of your hand.
Raise and support the injured part.
Raise the injured part above the level of the heart. Handle the injured part gently if you suspect that the injury involves a fracture and help the person to lie down with support.
Bandage the wound.
Apply a sterile dressing over the injury and bandage around it firmly. Bandage another pad on the top of it , if the blood seeps through it. Ensure that the bandage is clean and exerts pressure on the bleeding area. Check the circulation beyond the bandages at intervals and loosen them if necessary.
Treat for shock.
Constantly keep speaking to your child assuring them that all will be fine. It will help them calm down and not react in shock.
In case of a head injury and bleeding, secure the dressing over the wound with roller bandage. Help them to lie down but ensure that the head and shoulders are slightly raised above the body. Make them comfortable and assured before calling the doctor.
Cool the burn.
Keep the burnt part under continuous cold water, preferably under a running tap for atleast 10 minutes.
Remove the clothing or other things from the burnt part.
Carefully remove the clothing, watch or jewellery from the area, before it starts to swell. However, avoid removing any clothing that is sticking to the burn.
Cover the burn and the surrounding area with a sterile dressing.
Keep reassuring the child to avoid shock and fear.
Steady and support the injured part.
Help the child to support the affected part above and below the injury in the most comfortable position.
Protect the injury with padding.
Place paddings such as towels or cushions around the affected part and support it in position. If there is an open wound then cover it with a sterile dressing.
Protect the child from injury.
Clear away all the nearby objects. Surround the child with soft padding.
Cool the child.
Remove the clothing of the child and ensure a good supply of cool air.
Sponge with lukewarm water.
Sponge with lukewarm water from the head to the toes and keep checking the breathing.
It is also important to keep a basic first aid emergency box with bandages, sterile gauze pads, adhesive tapes, antibiotic ointment, antiseptic solution, scissors, calamine lotions, thermometer etc. The above safety first aid measures will help your child before the doctor comes in. These are easy basic first aid measures which can be practised in case of emergency situations.
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