Common cold and cough are one of the most common ailments during winter. Both young and old suffer from common cold and cough.
We can keep ourselves healthy by following some basic easy steps which will help us avoid common cold and flu.
Wash your hands frequently.
We all understand how cold and flu viruses spread. If a person who is sick, sneezes and touches a napkin, cutlery or any other thing like the telephone and if you touch the same object, then you are likely to pick up the same germs. The easiest way to avoid this is to maintain personal hygiene by washing your hands frequently or even using hand sanitizers.
Always sneeze into a handkerchief or tissue.
Most common mistakes people make is that while sneezing or coughing, they cover their mouths with their hands.
Remember that viruses cling to your bare hands and so you pass on the infection easily to other family members. Teach young children not to touch their nose, eyes or mouth frequently as these viruses enter through them.
Have a little red wine.
Red wine consists of flavonoids which help fight cold viruses. A study was conducted on people during the winter season and it was found out that those who drank a glass of wine a day, had around 35-40% less risk of catching a cold.
Take adequate Vitamin C and D.
Vitamin D helps in building your immune system which in turn helps you in fighting diseases. Sunlight is an excellent form of vitamin D. A good dose of early morning tender sunlight will give your body the much-needed vitamin D. Fruits and vegetables provide vitamin C which helps the body fight cold and flu.
Have good spices in your food.
Many spices like turmeric, chilli, garlic, pepper, ginger have antiviral and antibacterial properties. Include good spices in your daily foods to avoid diseases.
Drink hot drinks.
It is important to drink hot soups, broths or herbal teas as they give relief to your throat and nasal congestion.
Daily exercise increases the metabolism and the heart pumping rate. It helps to boost your body’s natural virus-killing cells. Exercise builds your immune system. Research has indicated that those who exercise daily are less likely to catch a virus as compared to those who do not exercise.
Include a diet that is rich in coloured vegetables and fruits.
All dark coloured fruits and vegetables have “Phyto” which is a natural chemical loaded with vitamins. It also helps in boosting the immune system. Eating leafy vegetables like spinach, broccoli etc. helps in building the immune system.
Relax and get good sleep.
Relaxing and de-stressing helps to boost the immune system. Ensure that you include a good amount of sleep and relaxing time in your schedule.
Avoid getting wet or cold.
One of the ways of catching a cold is when you get wet. The only other way you can get a cold or flu is when you are exposed to the virus that causes it. But if you are wet for a long period of time, then it causes the blood vessels in the nose to tighten up, which in turn hinders the body’s defenses against a virus attack. Hence you should try and avoid getting wet or cold.
These are some easy tips to avoid getting cold and cough during winter.
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